Volume 6, Issue 1 (5-2022)                   JSBCH 2022, 6(1): 786-793 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Singh A, Sharma A K, Kumar A, Singhd A, Khan S, Chauhan N S. Socio-economic Predisposing Factors of Malnutrition among School Going Children in Bareilly District of North India: A Cross-sectional Study. JSBCH 2022; 6 (1) :786-793
URL: http://sbrh.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-177-en.html
1- United Institute of Medical Sciences, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India
2- Varun Arjun Medical College and Rohilkhand Hospital, Banthra, Uttar Pradesh, India
3- Department of Community Medicine, United Institute of Medical Sciences, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India.
4- Department of Community Medicine, United Institute of Medical Sciences, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India , ankitbiostat@gmail.com
5- Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA
6- United Institute of Medical Sciences, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA
Abstract:   (691 Views)
Background: Malnutrition remains the ever challenging, public health concern irrespective of age and economic status. Although nutrition is essential irrespective of age but it has peerless role in the school days. The present study was conducted to assess the socio-economic predisposing factors of malnutrition among school children in the Bareilly district of North India.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Bareilly district of North India. A total of 465 school children were examined for nutritional status and socio-economic factors responsible for malnutrition. Applying multi-stage random sampling technique and pretested, pre-validated schedule was used for data collection which was compiled and analysed with Epi-Info software version 7.
Results: The study revealed 40% prevalence of malnutrition among school children. Socio- demographic factors such as gender, caste, type of family and residence were found statistically significant different with nutritional status of child (p<0.05).  However, socio economic factors such as parental education, employment and socio economic conditions were discovered inversely related with malnutrition (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The study indicates the necessity to accelerate the government’s coping strategies to win over malnutrition in especially in underserved population of country.
Full-Text [PDF 439 kb]   (274 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (280 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Social Determinants of Health
Received: 2021/11/15 | Accepted: 2022/05/7 | Published: 2022/06/1

1. Arnold, F. Parasuraman, S. Arokiasamy, P. and Kothari, M. (2009). Nutrition in India. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India, 2005-06. Mumbai: International Institute for Population Sciences; Calverton, Maryland, USA: ICF Macro. [Online] Available: http://rchiips.org/ nfhs/nutrition_report_for_website_18sep09.pdf.
2. Bareilly City Population Census. 2011-2021, Uttar Pradesh literacy, sex ratio and density. Available: https://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/521-bareilly.html.
3. Bose K, Biswas S, Bisai S, Ganguli S, Khatun A, Mukhopadhyay A, Bhadra M. (2007). Stunting, underweight and wasting among Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme children aged 3-5 years of Chapra, Nadia District, West Bengal, India. Matern Child Nutr. Jul;3(3):216-21. doi: 10.1111/j.1740-8709.2007.00099.x. [DOI:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2007.00099.x] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. European Commission, Scientific Committee on Food. Guidelines of the Scientific Committee on Food for the Development of Tolerable Upper Intake Levels for Vitamins and Minerals. SCF/CS/NUT/UPPLEV/11 Final. 28 November 2000. p.4.
5. Global Hunger index.(2021). Hunger and Food Systems in Conflict Settings. https://www. globalhungerindex.org/pdf/en/2021.pdf.
6. Gragnolati, M., Shekar, M., Gupta, M.D, Bredenkamp, C. & Lee Y.K. (2005). India's undernourished children: A call for reform and action. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, Washington DC. https://openknowledge. worldbank.org/handle/10986/13644. [DOI:10.1596/978-0-8213-6587-8]
7. International Institute of Population Sciences (IIPS) (2007). National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), Fact sheets for 29 States. Mumbai: International Institute for Population Sciences India,Mumbai 2007.http://rchiips.org/nfhs/nfhs3.shtml.
8. Joshi, H., Singh, H., Chaudhary, V., Upadhyay,
9. D., Singh, A. &Katyal, R., (2016). Sociodemographic correlates of nutritional status of under-five children. Muller Journal of Medical Sciences and Research, 7(1), p.44.https://doi/ org/10.4103/0975-9727.174639. [DOI:10.4103/0975-9727.174639]
10. Kshatriya, G.K., &Acharya, S.K. (2016). Gender Disparities in the Prevalence of Undernutrition and the Higher Risk among the Young Women of Indian Tribes. PLoS ONE, 11(7): e0158308. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0158308 [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0158308.] [PMID] [PMCID]
11. Kulkarni, R., Surve, S., Patil, S., Sankhe, L., Gupta, P., & Toteja, G. (2019). Nutritional status of adolescent girls in tribal blocks of Maharashtra. Indian Journal of Community Medicine: Official Publication of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine, 44(3), 281. https://www.ijcm.org.in/text.asp? 2019/44/3/281/267355. [DOI:10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_369_18] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Li, Z., Kim, R., Vollmer, S., & Subramanian, S.V. (2020). Factors Associated With Child Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight in 35 Low- and Middle-Income Countries. JAMA Network Open, 3(4):e203386. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3386 [DOI:10.1001/ jamanetworkopen.2020.3386.] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. Mathur, P., & Pillai, R. (2019). Over nutrition: Current scenario & combat strategies. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 149(6), 695-705. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1703_18 [DOI:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1703_18.] [PMID] [PMCID]
14. Murarkar, S., Gothankar, J., Doke. P., Pore, P., Lalwani, S., Dhumale, G., ... & Malshe, N. (2020). Prevalence and determinants of undernutrition among under-five children residing in urban slums and rural area, Maharashtra, India: a community-based cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 20 (1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09642-0 [DOI:10.1186/s12889-020-09642-0.4.] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Nguyen, P.H., Scott, S., Headey, D., Singh, N., Tran, L.M., Menon. P., & Ruel, M. T. (2021). The double burden of malnutrition in India: Trends and Inequalities (2006-2016). PLoS ONE, 16(2), 45-51. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0247856 [DOI:10.1371/ journal.pone.0247856.] [PMID] [PMCID]
16. Pandey, S., Gaur, A., Singh, A., &Kassere, S. (2019). Impact of child feeding practices on nutritional status of children in Uttarakhand. International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies, 3(3). DOI: https://doi.org/10.32553/ijmbs.v3i3.148 [DOI:10. 32553/ ijmbs.v3i3.148.]
17. Raghavendra, R. H. (2020). Literacy and Health Status of Scheduled Castes in India. Contemporary Voice of Dalit. 12 (1), [DOI:10.1177/2455328X19898449]
18. pp. 97-110, https://doi/org/ 10.1177/ 2455328X19898449.
19. Sachdev, Y., & Dasgupta, J. (2001). Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme. Medical journal, Armed Forces India, [DOI:10.1016/S0377-1237(01)80135-0]
21. Singh, A., Khan, S., Joshi, H.S., Upadhayay, D., & Katyal, R. (2018). An Epidemiological Study on Malnutrition among Primary School-going Children of Rural Area of Bareilly District, Uttar Pradesh, India. International Journal of Advanced & Integrated Medical Sciences. 3(1):8-11. https://doi/org/10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10112 [DOI:10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10112]
22. Singh, H., Chaudhary, V., Joshi, H. S., Upadhyay, D., Singh, A., & Katyal, R. (2016). Sociodemographic correlates of nutritional status of under-five children. Muller Journal of Medical Sciences and Research, 7(1),44.https://doi/org/ 10.4103/0975-9727.174639. [DOI:10.4103/0975-9727.174639]
23. Singh, M.B., Lakshminarayana, J., Fotedar, R., & Anand, P.K. (2006). Childhood illnesses and malnutrition in under five children in drought affected desert area of western Rajasthan, India. Journal of Communicable Diseases, 38(1),
25. Singh, S., Srivastava, S., & Upadhyay, A.K. (2019). Socio-economic inequality in malnutrition among children in India: an analysis of 640 districts from National Family Health Survey (2015-16). International Journal for Equity in Health. 18(1), 1-9. https://doi/org/ 10.1186/s12939-019-1093-0.PMID: 31881899; PMCID: PMC6935164. 10.1186/s12939-019-1093-0 [] [PMID] [PMCID]
26. Striessnig, E.,& Bora, J.K. (2020). Under-Five Child Growth and Nutrition Status: Spatial Clustering of Indian Districts. Spatial Demography, 8(1), 63-84. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40980-020-00058-3 [DOI:10. 1007/s40980-020-00058-3.]
27. United Nations Children's Fund, World Health Organization. (2012). The World Bank. UNICEF-WHO-World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates. (UNICEF, New York; WHO, Geneva; The World Bank, Washington, DC). https://www.who.int/publications/i/ item/ 9789240025257.
28. von Grebmer, K., Bernstein, J., Wiemers, M., Schiffer, T., Hanano, A., Towey, O., ... & Fritschel, H. (2021). Global Hunger index. Hunger and Food Systems in Conflict Settings. https://www.globalhungerindex.org/pdf/en/2021.pdf.
29. World Health Organization. (2021). WHO Factsheets: Malnutrition. https://www.who.int/ news-room/fact-sheets/detail/malnutrition.
30. World Health Organization. (2006). WHO. Child Growth Standards: Length/Height-for-Age, Weight-for-Age, Weight-for-Length, Weight-for-Height and Body Mass Index-for-Age: Methods and Development. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organizatio.https:// www.who.int/ publications/i/item/924154693X .

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Social Behavior and Community Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb