Volume 5, Issue 2 (11-2021)                   JSBCH 2021, 5(2): 739-749 | Back to browse issues page

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Islam S, Habib S E. Gender Differences in Knowledge and Risk Perception towards HIV/AIDS among Rohingyas in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. JSBCH 2021; 5 (2) :739-749
URL: http://sbrh.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-173-en.html
1- Department of Sociology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh , shihabshaun10@gmail.com
2- Department of Sociology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh.
Abstract:   (809 Views)
 Background: Rohingyas living in refugee camps of Bangladesh have been identified as a high-risk group for HIV transmission. This study aimed to assess gender differences in risk perception towards HIV/AIDS among Rohingyas in Cox’s Bazar.
Methods: A cross-sectional design was adopted to assess the level of risk perception towards HIV/AIDS. This analysis utilizes data from a survey of 130 Rohingya people through face-to-face interviews utilizing a 28-item HIV-Knowledge Questionnaire. A systematic sampling technique was used to accomplish data collection survey. Analyzing was done by SPSS 25.
Results: Only 41.8% of males and 58.2% of females had a good knowledge score (8 out of 11 items) regarding the transmission of HIV. Knowledge is significantly associated with female gender (χ2 = 8.927, p < 0.005). Gender differences were also significantly associated with the perceived risk of contracting HIV/AIDS in the future (p < 0.001). When rank averages were investigated, perceived risk of contracting HIV/AIDS score of the female participants (mean rank = 76.71) appeared to be higher compared to the score of male participants (mean rank = 54.29).
Conclusion: Female Rohingyas perceive a higher risk of contracting HIV/AIDS than male Rohingyas. Programs should address harmful gender norms, HIV testing and education emphasizing the risks involved in transactional sex within the camps.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sociology
Received: 2021/09/11 | Accepted: 2021/11/23 | Published: 2021/11/24

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