Volume 2, Issue 1 (4-2018)                   SBRH 2018, 2(1): 164-173 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Asli Azad M, Shariat S, Farhadi T, Shahidi L. The Prediction of Psychological Well-Being Based on Self-Compassion and Self-Esteem in Caregivers of people with Physical, Mental, and Multiple Disabilities in the Welfare Organization. SBRH. 2018; 2 (1) :164-173
URL: http://sbrh.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-49-en.html
1- Yung researchers Club, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Science and Research of Tehran Branch (Isfahan), Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
3- Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
Abstract:   (182 Views)
Background: Taking Care of people with physical, mental and multiple disabilities can affect the physical and mental health of caregivers. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the effective variables on the psychological health of these individuals. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to predict psychological well-being based on self-compassion and self- esteem in caregivers of people with physical, mental, and multiple disabilities in the Welfare Organization of Isfahan province.
Methods: This was a descriptive-analytical study. A census sampling method was used to select54 subjects in the research community to participate in the study. The instruments for collecting data were Self-Compassion Inventory, Reef Psychological Well-Being Inventory, and Cooper Smith Self-Esteem Inventory. Pearson analysis and Multiple Regression analysis were used to analyze the data using SPSS20 software.
Results: Data analysis showed that the components of self-kindness, mindfulness, social and academic self-esteem can significantly predict the psychological well-being of the disabled's caregivers (P-value < 0.01).
Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, it is imperative that the respected authorities of the Welfare Organization provide the necessary preparations and instructions. Therefore, disabled's caregivers can experience higher levels of psychological well-being by familiarizing themselves through components of self-compassion and self-esteem.
Full-Text [PDF 365 kb]   (61 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (28 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2017/09/21 | Accepted: 2018/04/23 | Published: 2018/04/23

1. Schrag A, Hovris A, Morley D, Quinn N, Jahanshahi M. Caregiver-burden in Parkinson's disease is closely associated with psychiatric symptoms, falls, and disability. Parkinsonism & Related Disorders. 2006;12(1):35-41. [DOI:10.1016/j.parkreldis.2005.06.011] [PMID]
2. Pinquart M, Sorensen S. Associations of stressors and uplifts of care giving with caregiver burden and depressive mood: A meta-analysis. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 2003;58(2):112-128. [DOI:10.1093/geronb/58.2.P112]
3. Ozmete E. Subjective well-being: A research on life satisfaction as cognitive component of subjective well-being. International Journal of Academic Research. 2011;3(4):55-61.
4. Durayappah A. The 3P Model: A general theory of subject well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies. 2011;12(4):681-716. [DOI:10.1007/s10902-010-9223-9]
5. Vazquez C, Hervas G, Rahona JJ, Gomez D. Psychological well-being and health. Contributions of positive psychology. Annuary of Clinical and Health Psychology. 2009;5:15-27.
6. Moeenizadeh M, Kumar K. Well-being therapy (WBT) for depression. International Journal Psychology Study. 2010;2(1):107-115. [DOI:10.5539/ijps.v2n1p107]
7. Day L, Hanson k, Maltby J, Preotor C, Wood A. Hope uniquely objective Predicts objective academic achievement above intelligence, personality and academic achievement. Journal of Research in Personality. 2010;44(1):550-553. [DOI:10.1016/j.jrp.2010.05.009]
8. Ryff CD. Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological wellbeing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1989;(57):1069-1081. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.57.6.1069]
9. Keyes CLM, Waterman MB. Dimensions of well-being and mental health in adulthood. In: Bornstein MH, Davidson L, Keyes CLM, KA Moor, editors. Crosscurrents in contemporary psychology. Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers; 2003. P:477-497.
10. Gürel NA. Effects of thinking styles and gender on psychological well-being. [MSc Thesis]. Turkey. Middle East Technical University, Department of Educational Sciences; 2009.
11. Magyar Moe JL, Owens RL, Conoley CW. Positive Psychological interventions in counseling: What every counseling psychologist should know. The Counseling Psychologist. 2015;43(4):508-557. [DOI:10.1177/0011000015573776]
12. Neff KD. The role of self-compassion in development: A healthier way to relate to oneself. Human Development. 2009;52(4):211-214. [DOI:10.1159/000215071] [PMID]
13. Ghorbani N, Watson PJ, Chen Z, Norballa F. Self-compassion in Iranian Muslims: Relationships with integrative self-knowledge, mental health, and religious orientation. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion. 2012;22(2):106-118. [DOI:10.1080/10508619.2011.638601]
14. Neff KD, Kirkpatrick K, Rude SS. Self-compassion and its link to adaptive psychological functioning. Journal of Research in Personality. 2007;41(1):139-154. [DOI:10.1016/j.jrp.2006.03.004]
15. Macbeth A, Gumley A. Exploring compassion: A meta-analysis of the association between self-compassion and psychopathology. Clinical Psychology Review. 2012;32(6):545-52. [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2012.06.003] [PMID]
16. Zhang LW. Prediction of Chinese life satisfaction: Contribution of collective self-esteem. International Journal of Psychology. 2005;40(3):189-200. [DOI:10.1080/00207590444000285]
17. Orth U, Robins RW. The development of self-esteem. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 2014;23(5):381-387. [DOI:10.1177/0963721414547414]
18. Sowislo JF, Orth U. Does low self-esteem predict depression and anxiety? A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin. 2013;139(1):213-240. [DOI:10.1037/a0028931] [PMID]
19. Heysari Soroshjani F, Sharifi T, Qasemi Pirbaloti M. Compare psychological well-being of working women, housewives, heads of households and Shahrekord. The International Conference on Humanities and Behavioral Studies; 2014. Tehran; 2017. [Persian]
20. Ikiz FE, Cakar FS. Perceived social support and self-esteem in adolescence. Procedia Social and Behavioral Science. 2010;5:2338-2242. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.460]
21. Yarnell LM, Neff KD. Self-compassion, interpersonal conflict resolutions, and well-being. Self and Identity. 2013;12(2):146-159. [DOI:10.1080/15298868.2011.649545]
22. Bluth K, Blanton PW. The influence of self-compassion on emotional well-being among early and older adolescent males and females. The Journal of Positive Psychology. 2015;10(3):219-230. [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2014.936967] [PMID]
23. Zessin U, Dickhauser O, Garbade S. The relationship between self-compassion and well-being: A meta-analysis. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being. 2015;7(3):340-364. [DOI:10.1111/aphw.12051]
24. Chen SX, Cheung FM, Bond MH, Leung J. Going beyond self-esteem to predict life satisfaction: The Chinese case. Asian Journal Social Psychology. 2006;9(1):24-35. [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-839X.2006.00182.x]
25. Dogan T, Totan T, Sapmaz F. The role of self-esteem, psychological well-being, emotional self-efficacy and affect balance on happiness: A path model. European Scientific Journal. 2013;9(20):1857-7881.
26. Nwankwo CHB, Okechi BCH, Nweke PO. Relationship between Perceived Self-Esteem and psychological well-being among student athletes. Academic Research Journal of Psychology and Counseling. 2015;2(1):8-16.
27. Neff KD. Self-compassion, self-esteem and well being. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. 2011;5(1):1-2. [DOI:10.1111/j.1751-9004.2010.00330.x]
28. Saeeidi Z, Qorbani N, Sarafraz M, Sharifian H. The relationship between self-compassion, self-esteem and self-conscious emotions regulation. Journal of Research in Psychological Health. 2013;6(3):91-100. [Persian]
29. Khosravi S, Sadeqi M, Yabandeh M. Psychometric Properties of Self-Compassion Scale (SCS). Journal of Psychological Models and Methods. 2013;3(13):47-58. [Persian]
30. Sefidi F, Farzad V. Validated measure of ryff psychological well-being among students of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences (2009). The Journal of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. 2012;16(1):65-71. [Persian]
31. Ryff CD, Love GD, Essex MJ, Singer B. Resilience in adulthood and later life: Defining features and dynamic processes. In: J Lomranz, editor. Handbook of aging and mental health. New York: An Integrative Approach;1998. P:70-95.
32. Cooper smith S. The antecedents of self-esteem. San Francisco: Freeman; 1967.
33. Herz L, Gullone E. The relationship between self-esteem and parenting style: A cross-cultural comparison of Australian and Vietnamese Australian adolescents. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 1999;30(6):742-761. [DOI:10.1177/0022022199030006005]
34. Khaledian M. The effectiveness of life skills training on mental health and self-esteem of individuals addicted to drugs. Journal of Social Psychology. 2017:29(2):1-15. [Persian]
35. Morone NE, Lynch Ch, Greco CM, Tindle HA, Weiner DK. I felt like a new person, "The effect of mindfulness Meditation on older adults with chronic pain: Qualitative narrative analysis of diary entries". The Journal of Pain. 2008;9(9): 841-848. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpain.2008.04.003] [PMID]
36. Howell AJ. Digdon N, Buro K. Mindfulness predicts sleep-related self regulation and well-being. Personality and Individual Differences. 2010;48(4):419-424. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2009.11.009]
37. Birnie K, Speca M, Carlson LE. Exploring self-compassion and empathy in the context of mindfulness based Stress Reduction (MBSR). Stress and Health. 2010;26(5):359-371. [DOI:10.1002/smi.1305]
38. Rapgay L , Bystrisky A. Classical mindfulness: An introduction to its theory and practice for clinical application. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2009;1172:148-162. [DOI:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04405.x] [PMID]
39. Brown KW, Ryan RM. The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological wellbeing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2003;84(4):822- 848. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.84.4.822]
40. Shapiro SL, Carlson LE, Astin JA, Freedman B. Mechanism of mindfulness. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2006;62(3):373-386. [DOI:10.1002/jclp.20237] [PMID]
41. Neff KD, McGeehee P. Self- compassion and psychological resilience among adolescents and young adults. Self and Identity. 2010;9(3):225-240. [DOI:10.1080/15298860902979307]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Social Behavior Research & Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb