Ethical Considration

 | Post date: 2018/01/27 | 

Ethics of SBRH Publishing
Details of formal ethical approval should be stated in the main body of the article. If authors were not required to obtain ethical approval (as is the case in some countries) or unable to obtain it (as sometimes occurs in resource-poor settings), they should explain the reason. Please anonymize this information in the manuscript, and only if requested give the information during submission. The procedures for securing informed consent should be provided.
Complying with medical ethics, anonymity, and confidentiality are among the points to be considered. In this regard, protecting the human subjects according to
 Helsinki Declaration should be taken in to consideration and the ethics committee confirmation letter of the university must be attached to the article. Medical research studies involving human subjects must generally be accepted in terms of scientific principles and a letter of consent from parents or legal caretakers is necessary.
According to
 ICMJE website "A Clinical Trial is any research study that prospectively assigns human participants or groups of humans to one or more health-related interventions to evaluate the effects on health outcomes". Authors who conducted studies in this scope should register their trial in one of the ICMJE-recognized trial registries. Therefore, the number of clinical trial registration should be attached to submitted paper.

Ethics of studies involving humans and animals
The research that involves human beings (or animals) must adhere to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki (
All research participants should be informed about the aims of the study and any possible side effects of the drugs and intervention. Written informed consent under protocols approved by an institutional or local review board or approved animal protocols are essential if the research involves human or animal subjects, respectively. This information should be stated in the manuscript and the protocol number or exempt status of approved protocols should be stated in the manuscript at the time of submission for review.
Ethical considerations must be clearly addressed in the Materials and Methods section. Also the name of the appropriate institutional review board that approved the project should be mentioned.
The Journal reserves the right to request the related documents.

Authorship Criteria and contribution
Authors' names should be mentioned according to the defined criteria by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Based on the ICMJE recommendations, authors (or one of them) should have all the following criteria: 1) Have a substantial contribution in at least one of the following activities: a) presenting the research conception or designing the study, b) collecting the data, c) analyzing and interpreting; 2) Have a role in drafting the study or revising it critically for important intellectual scientific content; 3) Study and approve the final version to be published; 4) Agree to be accountable for the correctness and accuracy of all aspects of the study; 5) The journal avoids accepting the articles with moral plagiarism (scientific and literary) and fraud according to the existing standards. The contents of the article should not be a copy of similar studies. If the authors use all or part of the published or unpublished materials or ideas of someone else, they must cite references properly or take permission in necessary cases. Useful guidelines for authors can be found on the ICMJE website. In cases of authorship disputes that can not be resolved between the authors, the editors reserve the right to refer the dispute to the institutes involved for resolution. Useful guidelines for researchers on how to avoid authorship disputes can be found on the COPE website. Enter author's all contributions in the submission system during submission.

Contributions will be published in the final article, and they should accurately reflect contributions in the study. The submitting author is responsible for completing this information at submission, and it is expected that all authors, prior to this time, will have reviewed, discussed, and agreed upon their individual contributions. The contributions of all authors must be described using the CRediT Taxonomy of author's roles.

Addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in an accepted manuscript’s authorship
Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue
Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include:
a) The reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged.
b) Written confirmation (email, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.
Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded on by the Journal Manager to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above.
Note that:

  • journal managers will inform Editors of any such requests
  • Publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed

After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue
Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum.

Author Misconduct
SBRH will follow the COPE guidelines to deal with any potential misconduct:

To avoid duplication, consider the points established by COPE website.
a) Author(s) should clarify that they has not been submitted the manuscript in more than one journal.
b) Author(s) should not publish the submitted manuscript in two different languages (one in a Persian medical journal and the other in another language (English, French, German, etc.), simultaneously.
c) Author(s) should not publish the submitted manuscript in SBRH elsewhere previously as part or full, unless some new results would be considered.
d) Authors should not split up the results of a work to publish them in more than one journal (Salami-Publishing).
Author(s) should enclose a written undertaking along with manuscript, confirming the above mentioned points with signature of the corresponding author(s).

Plagiarism is not acceptable in SBRH submissions. Plagiarized content will not be considered for publication. If plagiarism is identified, SBRH will follow the COPE guidelines.
Plagiarism includes:

  • Directly copying text from other sources without attribution;
  • Copying ideas, images, or data from other sources without attribution;
  • Reusing text from your own previous publications without attribution or agreement of the editor (read the COPE guidelines on text recycling);

Exception: Reusing text from the 'Method' section in the author’s previous publications, with attribution to the source, is acceptable.

  • Using an idea from another source with slightly modified language without attribution.

If plagiarism is detected during the peer review process, the manuscript may be rejected. If plagiarism is detected after publication, SBRH may perform a correction or retract the paper, as appropriate. SBRH reserves the right to inform authors' institutions about plagiarism detected either before or after publication. 
SBRH expects that editors and reviewers will be vigilant in their evaluation of SBRH submissions and will notify the journal about any plagiarism identified.
Authors should avoid self-plagiarism. It means they do not use the previous own published materials without acknowledgment of the source.

Data Fabrication
Fabrication is the construction and/or addition of data, observations, or characterizations that never occurred in the gathering of data or running of experiments. Fabrication can occur when “filling out” the rest of experiment runs, for example. SBRH will ask the author(s) to provide the raw data for further investigations if necessary.

Data Falsification
Manipulating research data with the intention of giving a false impression. This includes manipulating images (e.g. micrographs, gels, radiological images), removing outliers or “inconvenient” results, changing, adding or omitting data points, etc. In the initial process of peer review, SBRH tries to consider this issue and act accordingly.

Conflicts of Interest
According to ICMJE guidelines, a conflict of interest may exist when an author (or the author’s institution), reviewer or editor has personal or financial relationships that influence (bias) inappropriately his/her action (such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties). These relationships vary from those with negligible potential to those with great potential to influence judgment, and not all relationships represent true conflict of interest. The potential for conflict of interest can exist whether or not an individual believes that the relationship affects his or her scientific judgment. Financial relationships (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony) are the most easily identifiable conflicts of interest and the most likely to undermine the credibility of the journal, the authors, and of science itself. However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion.
Reviewers, editors and authors must make sure that they have declared any actual or potential conflicts of interest in their manuscript when submitting their work (if any). The corresponding author is responsible for confirming with the co-authors whether they have any conflicts to be declared or not.

Copyright Policy
SBRH is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License  which allows users to read, copy, distribute, and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.
Important Note:While submitting your manuscript please bear in mind to upload Authorship Statement and Copyright Form as well (this form must be completed and signed by corresponding author).

Complaints Procedure
This procedure is about the complaints about the publishing policies, procedures and actions of publishing and editorial staff and Editors-in-Chief of journals from SBRH.
SBRH infers that the complainants can not simply disagreeing with a decision that SBRH has made or has published unless there has been a failure of process - for example, a long delay or a rude response - or a severe misjudgment.
SBRH welcomes complaints as they provide an opportunity and a spur for improvement, and SBRH aims to respond quickly, courteously, and constructively.  Please write your complaint with journal title, vol. no., issue no., paper title and page no.

Advertising Policy 
This journal does not carry advertising, either print or online.

Archiving Policy
The articles published by SBRH are archived on our website and also in multiple international databases around the world including increasing visibility and long-term digital preservation.
These archives include:

Google Scholar
DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals)
Index Copernicus
ISC (Islamic World Science Citation Center)
All journal issues are archived in the library of School of Public Health in Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences.

Open Access Policy

  • SBRH does not charge readers and their institution for access to its papers. Full text download of all new and archived papers are free of charge. Registration on SBRH website is free of charge for authors and reviewers.
  • SBRH allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
  • SBRH lets author(s) to distribute, remix, and build upon their study, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
  • SBRH has a registered deposit policy.
  • SBRH allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
  • SBRH allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions.

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