Volume 2, Issue 1 (4-2018)                   SBRH 2018, 2(1): 174-180 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Dehghani F, Zareei Mahmoodabadi H. The Effect of Using Virtual Social Networks on Depression, Anxiety, and Stress among Young Adults . SBRH. 2018; 2 (1) :174-180
URL: http://sbrh.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-54-en.html
1- Departments of Psychology, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran.
Abstract:   (837 Views)
Background: Today, the use of virtual social networks is very common among young people. Despite the positive effects of social networks on communication there are also negative effects. Therefore, this study was done to identify the impact of virtual social networks on depression, anxiety, and stress in youth.
Methods: This was a correlation study and the population of the study included all young people in Yazd who were selected by availability sampling method. Then, 120 young people (60 males and 60 females) were selected and answered the DASS-21 and Virtual Social Network Use questionnaire. Data were analyzed by using Pearson correlation coefficient and descriptive statistics by SPSS-22.
Results: The findings showed a relationship between the use of virtual social networks and stress in male users and there was a significant relationship between the use of virtual social networks and depression, anxiety, and stress in female users (P-value < 0/05).
Conclusion: As a result, virtual social networks can affect depression, anxiety, and stress among young people, which highlights the need for education of young people and families.
 
Full-Text [PDF 407 kb]   (283 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (677 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2017/10/31 | Accepted: 2018/05/15 | Published: 2018/05/15

References
1. Mirzayian B, Baezzat F, Khakpoor N. The addiction among students and its effect on mental health. Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences. 2011; 2(1);141-160. [Persian]
2. Moghaddam F, Norouzi S, Sharafi F. Explore experiences students of social networks and their impact on lifestyle. Iranian Journal of Nursing Research. 2016;11(3):66-73. [Persian]
3. Naami A, Noori-Samarin S. Prediction of social networks addiction on the basis of female students' loneliness and self-esteem. Journal of Woman in Culture Arts. 2016;8(2):193-204.[Persian]
4. Barat Dastjerdi N, Sayadi S. Relationship between using social networks and internet addiction and depression among students. Journal of Research Behavioral Sciences. 2013;10(5):332-41.[Persian]
5. Hasanzade R, Sanai T. The relationship between internet addiction and mental health in student of Azad University Sari. Journal of Health Breeze. 2016;4(4):15-20. [Persian]
6. Shahbazirad A, Mirderikvand F. The relationship of internet addiction with depression, mental health and demographic characteristic in the students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences. 2014;22(4):1-8. [Persian]
7. Masoudnia E. Problematic cyberspace use and risk of depression disorder incidence among adolescents in Yazd. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology. 2013;8(4):15-25. [Persian]
8. Yi Lin L, Sidani JE, Shensa A, et al. Association between social media use and depression among US young adults. Depression and Anxiety. 2016;33(4):323-331. [DOI:10.1002/da.22466] [PMID]
9. Azizi A,Esmaeli S, DhghanManshadi SM. The relationship between internet addiction and anxiety and depression in Jolfa city high school students in 2013. Journal of Community Health. 2016;2(1):11-18. [Persian]
10. Strickland A. Exploring the effects of social media use on the mental health of young adults. [B.A Thesis]. United States. University of Central Florida, Burnett Honors College; 2014.
11. American Psychological Association. Stress in America: coping with change. Available at: URL: https://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/ stress/2016/coping-with-change.pdf. Accessed April 18, 2018.
12. Turi A, Miri M, Beheshti D, Yari E, Khodabakhshi H, Sarab GA. Prevalence of Internet addiction and its relationship with anxiety, stress, and depression in intermediate students in Birjand city in 2014. Journal of Birjand University of Medical Sciences. 2015;22(1):67-75. [Persian]
13. Primack BA, Shensa A, Escobar Viera CG, et al. Use of multiple social media platforms and symptoms of depression and anxiety: A nationally-representative study among US young adults. Computers in Human Behavior. 2017;69:1-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.chb.2016.11.013]
14. Leodoro L. Facebook use and adolescents emotional states of depression, anxiety, and stress. Health Science Journal. 2014;8(1)88-89.
15. Jelenchick LA, Eickhoff JC, Moreno MA. "Facebook depression?" Social networking site use and depression in older adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2013;52(1):128-30. [DOI:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.05.008] [PMID]
16. KirkPatrick C, SteijnR.How much of an effect do social media have on insomnia and depression? [Lecture]at: Medlink or Workshop Conferences; 2014 Apr; Nottingham, England. Nottingham University; 2014.
17. Poorakbaran E. Assessment of using of emerging communication tools (cell phone, internet and satellite among young adults and its association with anxiety, depression and stress. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health. 2015;17(5):254-9.[Persian]
18. Biramvand Y. Relationship between Using Virtual Networks and Marital Satisfaction among Students of Kashan University. [B.A Thesis]. Iran. University of Isfahan; 2012. [Persian]
19. Sajjadian I, Nadi MA. Depression & social isolation in adolescent and young adult internet users, correlation with time duration of internet use. Journal of Research in Behavioral Science. 2006;4(1):33-38. [Persian]
20. Pantic I, Damjanovic A, Todorovic J, et al. Association between online social networking and depression in high school students: behavioral physiology viewpoint. Psychiatria Danubina. 2012;24(1):90-93. [PMID]
21. Fardouly J, Diedrichs PC, Vartanian LR, Halliwell E. Social comparisons on social media: The impact of Facebook on young women's body image concerns and mood. Body Image. 2015;13:38-45. [DOI:10.1016/j.bodyim.2014.12.002] [PMID]
22. Jinasena S. Social media impact on youth depression. Sociology and Anthropology. 2014;2(7):291-294.
23. Seabrook EM, Kern ML, Rickard NS. Social networking sites, depression, and anxiety: A systematic review. JMIR Mental Health. 2016;3(4):50. [DOI:10.2196/mental.5842] [PMID]
24. Havener L. The Effects of Social Media and Social Networking Site Usage On The Mental Health And Wellbeing Of Adolescents. [B.AThesis]. United States. University of Oregon; 2016.
25. Zhou Y, Bird J, Cox AL, Brumby D. Estimating usage can reduce the stress of social networking. at: Personal Informatics in the Wild: Hacking Habits for Health & Happiness; 2013; Paris, France.
26. Hampton K, Rainie L, Lu W, Shin I, Purcell K. Social media and the cost of caring. Available at: URL: http://www.pewinternet.org/ files/2015/ 01/PI_Social-media-and-stress_0115151.pdf. Accessed April 18, 2018.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Social Behavior Research & Health

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb