Volume 1, Issue 2 (11-2017)                   SBRH 2017, 1(2): 100-107 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


1- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
2- Department of Health Education & Promotion, Yazd International Campus, Yazd, Iran
3- Department of Health Education & Promotion, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
4- Department of Biostatistics, Research Center of Prevention & Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Disease, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
5- Research Center of Addiction and Behavioral Sciences, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd , Iran.
Abstract:   (827 Views)
Background: Drug dependence among adolescents and youths is one of the biggest concerns in today’s societies. Drug addiction is a serious threat to society. This study was conducted to determine the effect of health education based on Health Belief Model (HBM) on preventive actions of synthetic drugs dependence among students.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study used pre- and post-method and was conducted on 100 students of the second and third grade in Kerman who were selected randomly. The data collection tool was a questionnaire designed based on HBM, awareness and preventive actions of synthetic drug dependence. Before the educational intervention, the questionnaire was completed by both groups, and then the educational intervention was conducted for the intervention group in the form of 2 training sessions for one and a half hour. Later, 2 months after educational intervention, information was analyzed again for both groups. Results were analyzed through Paired t-test, Independent t-test, Chi-square and Pearson correlation.
Results: Findings of the research showed that there is a significant difference between the average scores related to HBM structures (sensitivity, severity, perceived benefits and barriers, cues to action and self-efficacy) in intervention and control groups about the preventive behaviors of drug dependency before and after educational intervention. In addition, the intervention group had better performance in preventive behaviors than the control group 2 months after the end of the training program. In other words, the value of performance increased significantly from 14 to 16.84, 2 months after the educational intervention (P-value < 0.05). Furthermore, a direct and significant correlation was observed between the awareness, structures of the model (except for perceived barriers), and preventive behaviors (P-value < 0.001).
Conclusion: Findings indicated that by increase of HBM components' average scores, the average score of synthetic drug dependence preventive actions increased too. Therefore, results of the research confirm the effect and efficiency of HBM in making preventive actions of drug dependence. 
Full-Text [PDF 380 kb]   (177 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (276 Views)  
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Addiction
Received: 2017/01/15 | Accepted: 2017/05/28 | Published: 2017/11/15

References
1. Esmatpanah Khakshor OA, Khakshor H. The Effectiveness of Life Skills Training on Tendency toward Opium in Clients who referred to Rehabilitation and Treatment Centers of Addiction. Research on Addiction. 2010;3(12):41-52. [Persian]
2. Tavousi M, Heidarnia A, Montazeri A, Taromian F, Ahmadi M. A theory based intervention: Effect on substance abuse prevention in adolescents. Payesh. 2010;10(1):91-99. [Persian]
3. Rahimi Movaghar A, Shimi A. Substances use situation in Iranian students. Social Welfare Quarterly. 2006;19:9-29. [Persian]
4. Arfaee SM. Addiction and its tragedy. 1st ed. Navid Issued Shiraz; 2003.
5. Clark DB, Kirisci L, Tarter RE. Adolescent versus adult onset and the development of substance use disorders in males. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 1998;49(2):115-121. [DOI:10.1016/S0376-8716(97)00154-3]
6. Agha Bakhshi H, Sedighi B, Eskandari M. Factor's affecting trends in youth drug abuse industrial. Social Research. 2009; 4:71-75. [Persian]
7. Tabatabaei S, Nesari Kh, Biabani G. A comparative study of youth industrial substance abuse referred to addiction centers in Semnan city with ordinary people in mental disorders. J Stud Soc Secur. 2010;23:119-131. [Persian]
8. Bunn JY, Bosompra K, Ashikaga T, Flynn BS, Worden JK. Factors influencing intention to obtain a genetic test for colon cancer risk: A population- based study. Preventive Medicine. 2002;34(6):567-577. [DOI:10.1006/pmed.2002.1031]
9. Sharifirad G, Entezari MH, Kamran A, Azadbakht L. The effectiveness of nutritional education on the knowledge of diabetic patients using the health belief model. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. 2009;14(1):1-6. [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Gossop M, Grant M. Preventing and controlling drug abuse. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1990.
11. Dehghani Kh, Zare A, Dehghani H, Sedghi H, Pourmovehed Z. Drug abuse prevalence and risk factors in students of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd. Journal of Yazd University of Medical Sciences. 2010;18(3):164-169. [Persian]
12. Shojaei Zadeh D, Changizi M, Sadeghi R. The Effect of Education about Addiction through Health Belief Model (HBM) on Knowledge and Perceptions of High School Students in Shadegan. Journal of Science and Today's World. 2014;3(6):240-244.
13. Solhi M, Abolfathi M. The effect of education about prevention of addiction through health belief model (HBM) on knowledge and perceptions of high school students in Saveh. Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion. 2013;1(2):31-40. [Persian]
14. Rahnavard Z, Mohammadi M, Rajabi F, Zolfaghari M. An educational intervention using Health Belief Model on smoking preventive behavior among female teenagers. Journal of Hayat. 2011;17(3):15-26. [Persian]
15. Shamsi M, Bayati A, Mohammadbeigi A, Tajik R. The effect of educational program based on Health Belief Model (HBM) on preventive behavior of self-medication in woman with pregnancy in Arak, Iran. Pejouhandeh Research Journal. 2010;14(6):324-31. [Persian]
16. Lotfi Mainbolagh B, Rakhshani F, Zareban I, Montazerifar F, Alizadeh Sivaki H, Parvizi Z. The effect of peer education based on health belief model on nutrition behaviors in primary school boys. Journal of Research & Health Social Development & Health Promotion Research Center. 2012;2(2):214-225. [Persian]
17. Alizadeh Siuki H, Jadgal K, Shamaeian Razavi N, Zareban I, Heshmati H, Saghi N. Effects of health education based on Health Belief Model on nutrition behaviors of primary school students in Torbat e Heydariyeh City in 2012. Journal of Health. 2015;5(4):289-299. [Persian]
18. Najimi A, Alidousti M, Moazemi Goudarzi A. A survey on preventive behaviors of high school students about Influenza A based on health belief model in Shahrekord, Iran. Health System Research. 2010;6(1):14-22. [Persian]
19. Khorsandi M, Shamsi M, Jahani F. The effect of education based on Health Belief Model on osteporosis preventive behaviors among pregnant women referred to Arak health centers. Daneshvar. 2010;18(89):23-32. [Persian]
20. Tavassoli E, Hasanzadeh A, Ghiasvand R, Tol A, Shojaezadeh D. Effect of health education based on the Health Belief Model on improving nutritional behavior aiming at preventing cardiovascular disease among housewives in Isfahan. Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research. 2010;8(3):12-23. [Persian]
21. Taremian F, Mehryar AH. Effectiveness of life skills training program in prevention of drug use among secondary school students. Journal of Zahedan University of Medical Sciences. 2009;16(65):77-88. [Persian]
22. Fadaei S, Zareei Zavaraki E. Evaluate the effects of hallucinogenic Drugs multimedia educational on attitude and awareness among students. Quarterly Journal of Research on Addiction. 2013:6(24):69-77. [Persian]
23. Raeesi Z, Zamani Alavijeh F, Asadollahi A, Rostam Niakan Sh. Impact of Social Skills on Drug Abstinence Self-Efficacy amongst boys Students in Ahwaz City/Iran. Health System Research. 2014;2019-2033. [Persian]
24. Beaulieu MA, Jason LA. A drug abuse prevention program aimed at teaching seventh grade students' problem-solving strategies. Children and Youth Services Review. 1988;10(2):131-149. [DOI:10.1016/0190-7409(88)90033-3]
25. Botvin GJ, Griffin KW, Paul E, Macaulay AP. Preventing tobacco and alcohol use among elementary school students through life skills training. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse. 2003;12(4):1-7. [DOI:10.1300/J029v12n04_01]
26. Cuijpers P. Effective ingredients of school-based drug prevention programs: A systematic review. Addictive behaviors. 2002;27(6):1009-1023. [DOI:10.1016/S0306-4603(02)00295-2.]
27. Heckman CJ, Dykstra JL, Collins BN. Substance related knowledge, attitude, and behavior among college students: Opportunities for health education. Health Education Journal. 2011;70(4):383-399. [DOI:10.1177/0017896910379694]